new medicines for diabetics

🔥+ new medicines for diabetics 04 Aug 2020 Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.

new medicines for diabetics And with these tips, you can still enjoy your food without feeling hungry or deprived. Older man and ... What's the best diet for diabetes? ... But most cases of type 2 diabetes are preventable and some can even be reversed.

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the 1 last update 04 Aug 2020

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Regular reviews

Type 1 & 2 diabetes are both long-term conditions, you will be in regular contact with your diabetes care team.
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Regular exercise

As physical activity lowers your blood glucose level, it is very important to exercise regularly if you have diabetes.
Like anyone else, you should aim to do at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, such as cycling or fast walking, every week.

Normally, insulin is released from the pancreas when the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood increases, such as after eating. Insulin stimulates the liver and muscles to take in excess glucose. This results in a lowering of the blood sugar level.

When exercising, the body needs extra energy or fuel (in the form of glucose) for the exercising muscles. For short bursts of exercise, such as a quick sprint to catch the bus, the muscles and the liver can release stores of glucose for fuel. With continued moderate exercising, however, your muscles take up glucose at up to 20 times the normal rate. This helps lowers blood sugar levels. At the same time insulin levels may drop in anyone not taking insulin so the risks of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar is minimized.

Healthy eating

For people with diabetes, meal plans are important to control glucose levels. Being aware of how the body absorbs sugar in different foods dictates the kinds and amounts of carbohydrates you eat.

There are two types of carbohydrates, simple and complex. The difference between them is the rate your body digests them. Since complex carbohydrates contain fibre, the body absorbs the sugar in them slower than with simple carbohydrates. They digest at a slower rate, and your blood sugars do not rise as high or as fast. Fruit, milk and vegetables contain simple carbohydrates, breads, potatoes; cereals and pasta contain complex ones.

Monitoring your blood glucose levels

An important part of treatment is to make sure that your blood sugar level is as normal and stable as possible.
You will be able to manage this using insulin treatment and by eating a healthy diet, but you will also have to regularly check your blood glucose levels to make sure they are not too high or too low.
Exercise, illness, stress, drinking alcohol, taking other medicines and, for women, changes to your hormone levels during your monthly period can all affect your blood sugar levels.
In most cases, you will need to check your blood glucose levels at home using a simple finger prick blood test. You may need to do this up to four or more times a day, depending on the type of insulin treatment you are taking. Your diabetes care team will talk to you about your ideal blood glucose level.

Do not smoke

If you have diabetes, your risk of developing a cardiovascular disease, such as a heart attack or stroke, is increased.

Limit alcohol

If you have diabetes and you decide to drink alcohol, avoid drinking more than the recommended daily amounts (see below), and never drink alcohol on an empty stomach. Depending on the amount you drink, alcohol can cause either high or low blood glucose levels (hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia).
Drinking alcohol may also affect your ability to carry out insulin treatment or blood glucose monitoring, so always be careful not to drink too much. The recommended daily alcohol limit is 3-4 units for men and 2-3 units for women.

Keeping well

People with a long-term condition, such as diabetes, are encouraged to get a flu jab each autumn to protect against flu

Look after your feet

Having diabetes means you are more likely to develop problems with your feet, including foot ulcers and infections from minor cuts and grazes.
This is because diabetes is associated with poor blood circulation in the feet, and blood glucose can damage the nerves in your feet.

Eye Tests

If you have diabetes, you should have your eyes tested at least once a year to check for retinopathy.
Retinopathy is an eye condition where the small blood vessels in your eye become damaged. It can occur if your blood glucose level is too high for a long period of time (hyperglycaemia). If left untreated, retinopathy can eventually cause blindness.
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