What is type 2 diabetes?
Diabetes refers to a medical condition in which the body''t produce enough insulin to maintain a normal blood glucose level.
Insulin is a hormone that our bodies need to convert sugar, starches and other food into the energy we need for daily life. The body needs insulin to allow glucose into its cells. Without it, glucose builds up in the bloodstream. Over time, high blood glucose levels can cause health problems.
What causes type 2 diabetes?
In children, the most significant cause of type 2 diabetes is a family history of the disease and being at an unhealthy weight.
There are also specific risk factors that put a child at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes, including:
- A poor diet with high fat and carbohydrate intake
- High levels of fat in the blood
- Low physical activity levels
- Puberty (children almost never get type 2 diabetes before puberty starts)
Who gets type 2 diabetes?
People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. Type 2 diabetes generally occurs during adolescence due to the increased insulin resistance associated with puberty. Children who are obese and have a strong family history of type 2 diabetes or whose mothers had diabetes during their pregnancy are at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
What''s fuel) to enter its cells. For type 1 diabetes, kids don''t produce enough insulin to overcome the body''t use insulin properly (a condition known as insulin resistance) or they can''t show signs of the disease or have any symptoms for years. In fact, type 2 diabetes in children is often discovered by laboratory testing. The following are some of the signs and symptoms your child may have:
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Feeling very tired
- Extreme hunger
- Blurred or decreased vision
- Recent weight gain or unexplained weight loss
- Numbness and tingling in the hands or feet
- Darkening of the skin around the neck and in the armpits
- Dry mouth
- Wounds that don''s important to evaluate the acid levels in blood and urine.
If your child is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, your child needs to make positive lifestyle changes, including:
- Eating healthy foods
- Losing extra weight
- Increasing the daily level of physical activity
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Our care team provides comprehensive care for every aspect of your child''s diabetes diagnosis: